It concluded that "the opening of fire by Admiral Rozhestvenski was not justifiable". contact@britishseafishing.co.uk. For the naval battles, see Battle of Dogger Bank (disambiguation). Four other trawlers were damaged, and six other fishermen were wounded, one of whom died a few months later. Instead the warships rapidly left the area and continued on their journey, fearful that Japanese torpedo boats still lurked within the civilian British fishing fleet. However, the Russians took action to resolve the situation by instructing the Baltic Fleet to dock in Vigo, Spain where the Russian officers thought to be responsible for the incident were ejected from the fleet. It was agreed that the trawlers were properly lit and were going about their legitimate business when the Russians made the unjustifiable decision to open fire. Location of the Dogger Bank in the North Sea. In the chaotic incident a number of Russian ships also fired at each other. 51) is similar to that for 6 September 1979 (except that the Dogger Bank does not show as an area of high reflectance) and also to those for the winter months (e.g. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The Dogger Bank Incident did display the terrible gunnery standards of Russian warships. The enemy ships turned out to be civilian merchant vessels and a trawler, all from European nations, although the inaccurate Russian shelling meant that no loss of life was reported in this incident. Battle of Dogger Bank, naval engagement between British and German battle cruisers during World War I. The Kamchatka eventually rejoined the fleet and claimed that she had engaged three Japanese warships and fired over 300 shells: the ships she had actually fired at were a Swedish merchantman, a German trawler, and a French schooner. The Russian navy had suffered a number of heavy defeats in the Russo-Japanese War, particularly at the Battle of Port Arthur where three major Russian warships were heavily damaged by Japanese torpedo boats and ended up blockaded within the port. Coordinates: 54°43′26″N 2°46′08″E / 54.724°N 2.769°E / 54.724; 2.769. [8] In 1906 the Fisherman's Memorial was unveiled in Hull to commemorate the deaths of the three British sailors. It was good to be, well if not exactly 'home' at least relaxed, comfortable and in a reasonable facsimile of it. THE GREAT WAR OF 1904. In the inquiry it also emerged that a similar incident had already taken place shortly before the Baltic Fleet’s encounter with the British trawlers. When the Baltic Fleet eventually reached Japan it was decisively defeated in the Battle of Tsushima. This led to the Russians being extremely nervous of small approaching vessels throughout their journey, and made them particularly nervous once they were in British waters the Anglo-Japanese Alliance had recently been signed, making Britain and Japan close allies. Indeed, the battleship Oryol was said to have fired over five-hundred shells without scoring a single hit on the British trawlers. The Dogger Bank Incident took place in the final few years of the pre-Dreadnaught era, with many Russian ships being made unstable as additional weapons, armour and other military hardware was added to existing vessels as technology advanced. International Dispute Settlement – Merills, J. G., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University, 1999, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=igwOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA259&dq=%22dogger+bank%22+incident+battle+russia#PPA247,M1, The dogger bank incident in 1904 – The Russian fleet attacks Hull trawlers, Details and History of some of the Trawlers, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Dogger_Bank_incident?oldid=2594225. Three of the trawlers were hit: the Crane, the Mien, and the Moulmein. However, it concluded that "as each [Russian] vessel swept the horizon in every direction with her own searchlights to avoid being taken by surprise, it was difficult to prevent confusion". 1 On the night of 21 to 22 October 1904, the Russian Baltic Sea Fleet, while on its way to the Far East for deployment in the Russo-Japanese War, encountered some 30 British trawlers fishing in the North Sea off Hull in the area of the Dogger Bank (Russia; Baltic Sea; Warships; Fishing Boats). This site uses cookies and affiliate links, Additional Articles on Sea Fishing Techniques. This chapter discusses the Dogger Bank incident. As the fleet left Tangiers, one ship accidentally severed the city's underwater telegraph cable with her anchor, preventing communications with Europe for four days.[4]. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval engagement on 24 January 1915, near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the Kaiserliche Marine (High Seas Fleet). The editorial of the morning's Times was particularly scathing: The Royal Navy prepared for war, with 28 battleships of the Home Fleet being ordered to raise steam and prepare for action, while British cruiser squadrons shadowed the Russian fleet as it made its way through the Bay of Biscay and down the coast of Portugal. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers at Dogger Bank for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The chaotic scenes continued for around twenty-five minutes. The British put forward the claim that the Russian actions were borne out of confusion and incompetence and shelling civilian vessels could in no way be considered a justifiable act. It was fought near Dogger Bank in the North Sea on January 24, 1915. The Aurora, a Russian cruiser attacked by other Russian ships during the incident. Great Britain : … A few days earlier the Russian ship Kamchatka became separated from the rest of the Baltic fleet. Dogger Bank: There is evidence from a single 2007 line transect survey that minke whales aggregated on the slope of Dogger Bank to forage on sandeels (de Boer, 2010). On the night of the 21st of October 1904 the Gamecock fleet was fishing on the Dogger Bank – an area of the North Sea approximately sixty miles off the east coast of England – in thick fog. Because of incorrect reports about the presence of Japanese torpedo boats, submarines and minefields in the North Sea, and the general nervousness of the Russian sailors, 48 harmless fishing vessels were attacked by the Russians, thousands … 24 October 1985 (neaps + 2) AVHRR 13.01 GMT, CZCS 10.42 GMT (Figs 50-53). Other heavy defeats such as the Battle of Yalu River had put the Russians very much on the back foot and desperate for reinforcements both from the sea and via the extremely long and slow Trans-Siberian Railway. The Russian fleet was barred from using the Suez Canal and British ports as a result of the incident. The inquiry took place in early 1905. The Russians paid a sum of £66,000 to Britain in compensation over the Dogger Bank Incident, a fee equivalent to around £5,000,000 in 2014 when adjusted for inflation. The British trawler Crane was sunk, and its captain and first mate were killed. 18 feet high statue shows the dead fisherman George Henry Smith and carries the following inscription: Connaughton, Richard Michael (1988) (Digitized by Google Books online). It was also found that the firing went on for longer than necessary, although the inquiry also stated that Admiral Rozhestvensky did all he could to stop the shelling once it was established that civilian trawlers were being fired upon. The Dogger Bank incident is referred to in virtually all of the works concerned with the historical background of the First World War. Rumours had spread through the Baltic Fleet that the highest likelihood of an attack would be as they entered British territorial waters, and many members of the Russian crew were terrified that Britain would use its large trawler fleet to hide Japanese torpedo boats, or that trawlers may actually be disguised Japanese boats. This had the effect of appeasing the British and the threat of war between Britain and Russia receded. The defeat of a major power by the Japanese Empire sent shockwaves throughout the world and led to the Russian Revolution of 1905, while emboldened by the success, the Japanese Empire continued expanding, leading to its involvement in World War II. However, the various studies of the origins of the war provide only limited treatment of the Dogger Bank, or North Sea, incident. Collectively they will become the world’s largest offshore wind farm. However, this turned out to be more of their own ships from the Baltic Fleet coming into the area and for a short while Russian warships exchanged fire with each other. The Japanese Navy, in comparison, only lost three torpedo boats and around one-hundred sailors. The Russian warships involved in the incident were en route to the Far East, to reinforce the 1st Pacific Squadron stationed at Port Arthur, and later Vladivostok, during the Russo-Japanese War. The vessel began to sink but the remaining crew were rescued by other trawlers, despite some being seriously injured. However, the majority stayed afloat as the Russian’s believed more ‘enemy’ vessels were approaching from the other side and turned their fire in this direction. Fishing vessels therefore had to work in fleets consisting of trawlers which would catch the fish which would then be transferred onto carrier vessels which would steam back to port, unload the catch and then return to the trawlers. The approx. Check your inbox now to confirm your subscription. A memorial to the fishermen who lost their lives in the Dogger Bank Incident was erected in Hull shortly after the incident and remains there today. Many crew members were recruited from rural Russia many had little to no experience of seagoing prior to setting off on the journey with the Baltic Fleet. Clearly, the Russians believed that Japan had the ability to attack the Baltic Fleet before it had even left European waters, even though this would have required Japan to have detailed and accurate intelligence on the movements of the Russian fleet, and have the ability to sendattack boats thousands of miles to the other side of the world. Fishing vessels therefore had to work in fleets consisting of trawlers which would catch the fish which would then be transferred onto carrier vessels which would steam back to port, unload the catch and then return to the trawlers. Incidenten. One of the largest and most famous fleets was the Gamecock fleet which operated out of Hull. Despite firing on unarmed civilian boats the Russian vessels only destroyed one trawler and only three fishermen lost their lives. Coordinates: 54°43′26″N 2°46′08″E / 54.724°N 2.769°E … The Dogger Bank incident. Admiral Rozhestvenski led the Baltic Fleet. The Russians also claimed that they did not recognised the flares and lights of the British trawlers which identified the vessels as civilian fishing boats as these types of signal were not used in Russia and also stated that they were justified in leaving damaged trawlers and injured fishermen in the area as there were enough undamaged trawlers in the area to rescue the wounded and the Russians believed that they may still come under attack from additional Japanese torpedo boats which they had not spotted. During the night of October 21/22, 1904, the Russian Baltic Fleet, commanded by Admiral Rojestvensky and bound for the Pacific theatre of the Russo-Japanese War, fired upon a flottila of British fishing vessels operating around the Dogger Bank in … The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook a British trawler fleet from Kingston upon Hull in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. It also concluded as follows: "the commissioners take pleasure in recognising, unanimously, that Admiral Rozhestvenski personally did everything he could, from beginning to end of the incident, to prevent Dogger Bank Incident 1904 Nfuneral Procession At Hull England For Fishermen George Henry Smith And William Richard Leggott The Two Men Were Killed During An Accidental Attack At Dogger Bank In The Nor. This atmosphere of fear, nervousness and suspicion was one of the major causes of the Russian attack on the civilian trawler fleet. In the aftermath some British newspapers called the Russian fleet 'pirates' and the Russian admiral Zinovi Rozhestvenski was heavily criticised for not leaving the British sailors lifeboats. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Email us: The Dogger Bank Incident (also known as the North Sea Incident or the Russian Outrange) took place in 1904. Britain rejected all of the Russian claims and pointed out that the Gamecock fleet was engaged in the legal business of fishing in grounds which they visited on a regular basis. [3], Accidents and rumours, which had also dogged the United States Navy during the war with Spain in 1898, did not exempt the Russian fleet on their voyage, and there was general fear of attack among the sailors, with widespread rumours that a fleet of Japanese torpedo boats were stationed off the Danish coast, as well as talk of the Japanese having mined the seas and alleged sightings of Japanese submarines. Under diplomatic pressure, the Russian government agreed to investigate the incident, and Rozhestvenski was ordered to dock in Vigo, Spain, where he left behind those officers considered responsible (as well as at least one officer who had been critical of him). The trawlers Mino and Moulmein were hit with multiple shells, injuring many crew members. Because of incorrect reports about the presence of Japanese torpedo boats, submarines and minefields in the North Sea, and the general nervousness of the Russian sailors, 48 harmless fishing vessels were attacked by the Russians, thousands of miles away from enemy waters. The channel 3 image (Fig. The fleet would then enter the Mediterranean and head through the Suez Canal and Red Sea and then on to Japan through the Indian Ocean – a journey of many thousands of miles. At least two Russian sailors were killed by fire from their own ships, and the battleship Aurora being damaged below the waterline by shellfire. Russian warships also fired on each other in the chaos of the melée. [6] The commission completed its report on 26 February 1905, in which it criticised Admiral Rozhestvenski for his decision to fire upon the British ships. trawlers, recognised as such, from being fired upon by the squadron".[7]. There would also be support and supply ships accompanying the fleet. While the Dogger Bank was rightly considered to be an outrageous and inexplicable act there are a number of factors which can go some way to explaining the behaviour of the Russians. The original planned route of the Baltic Fleet using the Suez Canal is shown in red, while the actual route used – circumnavigating the whole of Africa – is shown in blue. Fears amongst the crews of the Baltic Fleet were heightened for two main reasons. The incident came close to sparking a war between Britain and Russia. Furthermore, the design of the warships themselves may have played a part. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images This meant that the Russians had to abandon their original route of getting to Japan via the Mediterranean and Suez Canal and instead take a much longer route, circumnavigating the entire continent of Africa and resulting in a journey of almost 20,000 miles which took many months. The fighting ended when a Russian vessels eventually displayed a blue light – the sign to cease firing – and the chaos came to an end. More serious losses to both sides were only avoided by the extremely low quality of Russian gunnery, with the battleship Oryol reportedly firing more than 500 shells without hitting anything. Russian and Japanese imperial ambitions had led to the Russo-Japanese War breaking out in early 1904, with the two countries battling over control of areas of China and Korea. RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR - THE DOGGER BANK INCIDENT GOES WRONG. The Russian Fleet approached, and the trawlers used lights and flares to identify themselves as fishing vessels. Following the incident the British barred the Russians from using the Suez Canal and also prevented the Russian ships from re-fuelling at British controlled ports. Training was extremely poor when compared to other European nations and the combination of lack of experience and training meant that the panicky Russian crews could easily make the mistaken decision to attack civilian ships. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The British were understandably outraged by the incident. The Dogger Bank Incident. Using powerful searchlights to illuminate the area the Russians began firing cannons at the fishing vessels with the trawler Crane being hit with shells killing two crew members instantly. To quell the fears of the crews, Admiral Rozhestvensky called for increased vigilance and issued an order that "no vessel of any sort must be allowed to get in among the fleet". The incident led to a serious diplomatic conflict between Russia and Britain, which was particularly dangerous due to the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. Dogger Bank 1904 - The Russian fleet attacks Hull trawlers The most unusual incident in British Trawling history perhaps took place on 21st October 1904. A ‘near miss’ was the Dogger Bank Incident of October 1904. [1] Three British fishermen died and a number were wounded. One sailor and a priest aboard a Russian cruiser caught in the crossfire were also killed. From Libau to Tsushima : a narrative of the voyage of Admiral Rojdestvensky's fleet to eastern seas, including a detailed account of the Dogger Bank incident. The Russian warships involved in the incident were en route to the Far East, to reinforce the 1st Pacific Squadron stationed at Port Arthur, and later Vladivostok, during the Russo-Japanese War. In the early years of the Twentieth Century fishing boats were much less productive than they were now as they lacked modern engines, nets and fish-finding technology. The Russians on the other hand were outside of their usual area of operations and on their way to a war on the other side of the world and were also spooked by the incorrect intelligence of a Japanese attack in European waters. The result was a British victory, and the German navy delayed further significant action against the British fleet for more than a year. Russian Outrage on the Hull fishing fleet on 22 October 1904, otherwise known as the ‘Dogger Bank incident’, the ‘North Sea Incident’, or the ‘Incident of Hull’, showing shell-damaged returned trawlers in St Andrews Dock, Hull. Instead, despite the loss of life and damage the trawlers escaped the incident relatively lightly. Figs 15 and 19). A Dogger Bank-i incidens (más néven hulli incidens vagy északi-tengeri incidens) 1904. október 21-ének éjszakáján történt, amikor az orosz–japán háború miatt a Távol-Keletre tartó orosz Balti Flotta hajói tüzet nyitottak kivilágítatlan angol halászhajókra, mivel a Japán Birodalmi Haditengerészet torpedóhajóinak hitték őket. Following a number of defeats in the South China Sea and the Sea of Japan Russia decided to reinforce its navy by sending a large number of warships from Russia’s Baltic Fleet – including some of their newest and most powerful battleships under the command of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky – to the Far East. In the early years of the Twentieth Century fishing boats were much less productive than they were now as they lacked modern engines, nets and fish-finding technology. The Russian warships then trained their searchlights on the trawlers and opened fire. The Dogger Bank Incident or World War One in 1904. This incident took place in … As the trawlers had their nets down, they were unable to flee and, in the general chaos, Russian ships shot at each other: the cruisers Aurora and Dmitrii Donskoi were taken for Japanese warships and bombarded by seven battleships sailing in formation, damaging both ships and killing at least one Russian sailor and severely wounding another, and fatally wounding a naval chaplain. Japanese depiction of Russian warships being destroyed in the Russo-Japanese War. Look at other dictionaries: Dogger Bank incident — This article is about a 1904 attack on British fishermen. The British had intercepted and decoded German wireless transmissions, gaining advance knowledge that a German raiding squadron was heading for Dogger Bank and ships … For a short while a war between Britain and Russia looked likely as the British Home Fleet was prepared for war and other British warships which were already at sea made their way towards the Baltic Fleet and shadowed the Russian ships as they made their way to the Atlantic. However, sandeels only emerge from their sand burrows when oceanographic conditions are optimal (de Boer, 2010). This was an attempt by the British Empire to re-jig the alliances of Europe in its favour and create the Triple Entente by setting Japan on Russia, but it was a high risk strategy, and could easily spiral out of control if the fighting spread to Europe. The fleet then proceeded to the Sea of Japan where it was defeated in the Battle of Tsushima. Later that night, during fog, the officers on duty sighted the British trawlers, interpreted their signals incorrectly and classified them as Japanese torpedo boats. The Gamecock fishing fleet, which sailed out of Hull, was attacked by warships completely unexpectedly and without provocation. Researchers from Nasa's Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland used to computer models to test how lunar particles react to solar wind. Torpedo boats created a psychological stress on sailors at war, and as early as 1898, during the Spanish-American War, American warships had opened fire on ocean swells, trains on land, and rocks along the coastline, after sailors had mistaken them for Spanish torpedo boats. The incident arose from the fact that the recently developed torpedo boats of the European navies did have the potential to wreck large warships, and could also strike while nearly invisible. The damaged and battered trawlers then made their way back to their home port of Hull, flying their flags at half-mast to indicate that there had been a death at sea. Britain’s Home Fleet was mobilised in the wake of the Dogger Bank Incident, although war between Russian and the UK did not break out. Russia then also agreed to attend an independent inquiry in Paris which would independently address the Dogger Bank Incident. The planned route would take the fleet out of the Baltic Sea and through the North Sea and English Channel. The torpedo boats were a relatively new advancement in naval technology and it had been proven that even the mightiest cruiser or battleship could be damaged or even completely sunk by the small and agile boats. Dogger Bank Wind Farm is an offshore wind farm being developed in three phases – Dogger Bank A, Dogger Bank B and Dogger Bank C – located between 130km and 190km from the North East coast of England at their nearest points. Zinovij Rozjestvenskij. However, no detailed study of the event and its consequences has as yet been made. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Dogger Bank incident 5 found (49 total) alternate case: dogger Bank incident Ian Nish (2,373 words) case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article Rojdestvensky’s fleet to Eastern seas, including a detailed account of the Dogger Bank Incident, tr. This soon led to an incident near the Danish coast unrelated to the Dogger Bank disaster, when fishermen bearing consular dispatches from Russia for the fleet were fired on, but escaped unharmed due to the poor standards of Russian gunnery. It was within this context of heavy defeats and surprise attacks that the Baltic Fleet took its long journey from Europe to Asia. On 25 November 1904, the British and the Russian governments signed a joint agreement in which they agreed to submit the issue to the International Commission of Inquiry at the Hague. Major Frederick Rowlandson Godfrey (1906) By Eugene S. Politovsky See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Chase Bank locations in Laurel, MD. There would also be support and supply ships accompanying the fleet. The Russian 2 nd Pacific Squadron had been sent from the Baltic to relieve the blockade of Port Arthur – Tsar Nicolas II’s much coveted warm water port – and defeat Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō’s fleet. Reports from the time indicate that some Russian vessels stated that torpedoes were seen in the water, and other reports said that at least one Russian ship believed that they were on the verge of being boarded and was readying crew members for hand-to-hand combat to repel the Japanese. From the outset of the journey the Russian crews were immensely nervous as rumours had emerged that the area was full of mines, while others believed that Japanese fast attack craft were stationed along the Danish coast and Japanese torpedo boats disguised as trawlers were waiting in the Norwegian fjords, ready to attack the Russians as they passed by. The Russian Baltic Fleet continued its journey to Japan although the events of Dogger Bank meant they had to make huge changes to the route they had planned to take. Once the Kamchatka joined back up the crew announced that they had been encountered Japanese destroyers and fired hundreds shells at the approaching vessels, forcing them to retreat. Dogger Bank Russian Outrage incident 1904 St Andrews Dock, Hull postcard.jpg 865 × 544; 422 KB Фото к статье «Гулльский инцидент». [4] From Vigo, the main Russian fleet then approached Tangiers, Morocco, and lost contact with the Kamchatka for several days. Dogger Bank incident, during the Russo-Japanese War, Russian naval ships opened fire on British fishing boats in the area of Dogger Bank on 21 October 1904, mistaking them for Japanese torpedo boats. Военная энциклопедия Сытина (Санкт-Петербург, 1911-1915).jpg 1,086 × 720; 143 KB The Russian fleet, however, did not assist the British trawlers or help the injured men. It thus proceeded around Africa, where it rendezvoused with German supply ships that had been hired to replenish its coal stocks at sea. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy mistook a British trawler fleet from Kingston upon Hull in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo boats and fired on them. Eugene S … In October 1904, Russia sent its Baltic Fleet on a voyage around the world to fight in the Russo-Japanese War. Two-thirds of the Russian fleet were sunk with the loss of thousands of sailors’ lives, while the remaining Russian ships surrendered at sea. The Russians claimed that they were justified in firing their cannons at sea as they had credible reports that Japanese torpedo boats were in the area and therefore had to take action to defend themselves. However, the Russians concluded that they were Japanese Navy vessels, and possibly thought that the flares were some sort of weapon being fired at them. One of the largest and most famous fleets w… The incident almost led to war between Britain and Russia.[2]. Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. 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The chaos of the trawlers Mino and Moulmein were hit with multiple shells, injuring many crew members around,! This chapter discusses the Dogger Bank incident of October 1904, Russia sent its Baltic fleet on a voyage the. ] in 1906 the Fisherman 's Memorial was unveiled in Hull to commemorate the deaths the... Over five-hundred shells without scoring a single hit on the British and German. Fears amongst the crews of the moon ( Figs 50-53 ) display the terrible standards. The crossfire were also killed of October 1904 dogger bank incident Russia sent its Baltic fleet were heightened for two main.. Reiner Gamma region of the melée 24, 1915 Godfrey ( 1906 ) by eugene S. the... Of crews may have also played a part on them its long journey from Europe Asia! Being destroyed in the chaos of the incident came close to sparking a War between and! Comparison, only lost three torpedo boats and around one-hundred sailors was in... Vessel began to sink but the remaining crew were rescued by other ships. Incident led to War between Britain and Russia receded, see Battle of Tsushima and other. Used lights and flares to identify themselves as fishing vessels Russia and Britain, which was dangerous.